Plantar Warts are non cancerous skin growths that affect the sole of the feet. They are caused by the virus human papillomavirus (HPV) which enter your skin through tiny cuts on the skin.
Plantar warts may be painful and very ugly and develop beneath the pressure points in your feet such as the heels or balls of your feet.
Plantar warts are non cancerous so they are not harmful but you may seek treatment if they make you feel uncomfortable or if they are painful.
Treatment can be done through use of salicylic acid which is available from drug stores. Apply daily to the affected areas.
You can also use home remedies like placing doughnut shaped piece of moleskin around the wart, this is available from the local stores.
You can also use an abrasive material to do a simple non traumatic removal of the skin. This should be done after the sole of the feet has been soaked in water for about 20 minutes to soften the wart.
Minor surgery. This involves cutting away the wart or destroying the wart by using an electric needle in a process called electrodessication and curettage. Your doctor will anesthetize your skin before this procedure. This treatment is avoided if possible with plantar warts because of the risk of scarring.
Laser treatment. A type of laser treatment called pulse dye laser treatment burns closed (cauterizes) tiny blood vessels. The infected tissue eventually dies, and the wart falls off. This treatment can cause pain and scarring.
Freezing (cryotherapy). Your doctor can apply liquid nitrogen with a spray canister or cotton-tipped applicator to freeze and destroy your wart. The chemical causes a blister to form around your wart, and the dead tissue sloughs off within a week or so. The application itself can be painful, and cryotherapy can result in painful or tender blisters that resolve on their own.
Immunotherapy. This therapy attempts to harness your body’s immune system to remove tough-to-treat warts. This can be accomplished in a couple of ways. Your doctor may inject your warts with interferon, a medication that boosts your immune system’s instinct to reject warts. Or your doctor may inject your warts with a foreign substance (antigen) that stimulates your immune system. Doctors often use mump antigens, because many people are immunized against mumps. As a result, the antigen sets off an immune reaction that may fight off warts. Interferon treatment may result in flu-like symptoms for a few hours after treatment. Both treatments may cause pain.
With each of these treatments, your doctor will provide instructions about how to cover a wart or wound, remove dead tissue between appointments, clean the site, and change a dressing if needed.