Warts are viral infection caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). Warts may be darker or lighter than the skin around it. Some warts may have small black dots in them. These dots are tiny, clotted blodd vessels. Man may become infected by touching the other’s warts. Warts are contagious but non-cancerous. It can take up to six months for warts to appear after exposure to the virus. Different parts of the body can be infected by HPV virus, like hands, knees, fingers, elbows, face, neck, legs, soles of the feet, anal, and genitals. Treatments of warts mainly depend upon where the warts are located. You can take the treatments at home or by consulting with dermatologists.
Salicylic acid- This acid can be directly applied to the warts for better result. Salicylic acid comes in various forms, like a liquid or patch. Before taking home medication one should consult with a physician. First drench the area with warm water, and then dry the skin. Apply the liquid or patch to the affected area. You have to apply this procedure daily. Use a pumice stone or a nail file to remove the dead skin from the affected surface. After one or two weeks the warts will permanently go away.
Duct tape- A sticky tape has been used to treat skin warts. This home treatment is most effective remedy for warts. You have to cover the warts area with a small piece of duct tape and leave it in place for a week. Then you can remove the duct tape, clean the skin with warm water and use a pumice stone to gently remove the dead skin.
Liquid nitrogen- liquid nitrogen is a very cold compound, which destroys the warts by freezing the viruses of the skin. Liquid nitrogen must be applied by a dermatologist. Multiple remedies are often needed to remove the warts.
Cantharidin- cantharidin is a liquid medicine, which is applied by a physician to treat the warts. This painless treatment is particularly applicable for children. The affected skin normally heals within five to ten days after treatment.
Shave excision- shave excision is a treatment that involves cutting warts with a blade. A local anesthesia is given to the patient before performing this surgical treatment.
Immunotherapy- immunotherapy involves injecting a antivirus directly into the warts to generate an immune response. Salicylic acid or duct tape may be used with this immunotherapy. The main advantage of this treatment is less expensive and leaves no scar.